Mount Subasio Park: Mount of Waters
Located between the Umbrian valley hills, the mountain is lying north-west southeast. The massif is made up of ancient marine sediments and protected since 1995 by the Monte Subasio Park, important karst phenomena have drawn the area. Over time water has chiseled cavities and droppings: the so-called valleys. The melting of limestone in rains over time has created the mortars, which are great depressions, and the water has corroded the surface of the mountain leaving large ditches: Hollow Fossa and Fossa Rotonda. Over the years – because of human intervention – the biodiversity of the mountain has decreased considerably, some animal and plant species have disappeared: for example, cutting the forests to make room for pasture has created secondary grasslands that have then been recolonized grass, flowers and orchids.
Vegetation: The park is a set of different environments, so many ‘green’ populations, from lowland olive trees, leech leaves to willows near watercourses. However, there are also oak and maple trees, while on the top there are pines and junipers and broomsticks. The flowers are found in grasslands created by humans, and are: daffodils, potentillas, buttercups, primrose, bell peas, flowering poppies and poppies.
Animals: In the forests of the mountain, the wolf is hiding; in the streams there is the rare river shrimp and the vairone. In the sky, however, during the migration to overtake Subasio there are many daytime raptors; lower albinos, the brown kite, and the massive whitetail.
Curiosity: During the First World War, precisely in 1916, to replenish the lost forest, it was decided to replant some areas using the labor of Austro-Hungarian prisoners. However, conifers were used, which besides being outside the park’s environment, grow and spread rapidly, ending the local biodiversity.